Protect Your PC
- Posted by Yahoo Safety
Use antivirus software and keep it up to date
If you haven't installed antivirus software on your computer, do it now. It can detect many – though not all – forms of malicious software before they have a chance to affect your computer. When you purchase antivirus software, look for one that includes antispyware. Most antivirus software can automatically download updates for you. Check to make sure that your software is downloading updates correctly.
Keep all your software up to date
You can prevent many problems by regularly checking for and installing updates for your programs, including your operating system, browser, messaging software and other software. Many programs include a feature that automatically checks for updates. Be wary of clicking links in emails that claim to have updates for your software – it is safer to type the address of the website into your browser's URL bar to visit the site directly.
Check your security settings
Most operating systems (such as Windows 8) have a built-in firewall and other safeguards to prevent unauthorised access to your computer. Check your operating system to make sure that it's set up so that your computer is protected. Install any security updates or patches for your operating system promptly.
Be careful opening email attachments
Consider turning off the feature in your email program that opens attachments automatically. If you receive an attachment that you aren't expecting, do not open it. Before you open any email attachment – even if it's from someone you trust – scan it with your antivirus software. Yahoo Mail automatically scans all email attachments for viruses. Read more about Yahoo Mail security features
Don't install unfamiliar programs
Think carefully before installing or running new software, such as freeware or shareware programs that are available online. Download software only from a source you trust. Do not install software if you cannot verify that it's from a trusted source. Make sure that you know what the software will do and how it will affect your computer. Malicious software (such as viruses and spyware) often masquerades as legitimate and even useful programs. For example, you might be tempted to download a program that claims to keep your computer clock synchronised with an official clock. But, if that program contains adware or spyware, it could also display advertising pop-ups whenever you're online, or it could keep track of where you go on the Internet.
Be wary of pop-up and email warnings
Don't believe every warning you read – especially pop-up warnings that you see while you're surfing the web. Unscrupulous companies use pop-up ads to display false warnings about your computer. Ignore them. Do not click any button in the pop-up (such as "Close" or "No") or the Close box that may appear in the upper-right corner of the pop-up. Closing a pop-up in that way might actually install a virus or other malicious software on your computer. To close a pop-up ad, press Ctrl-W (on a PC) or Command-W (on a Mac computer). You may receive an email warning that claims to be from a computer "expert" warning you of a virus. These are usually hoaxes. Do not follow the steps described in any email unless you're sure that the threat is real.